Uterine Fibroids

Uterine Fibroids Symptoms। Uterine Fibroids Causes। Uterine Fibroids Treatment

Fibroids are a type of tumor that develops from the smooth muscle cells of the uterus. This problem occurs during reproductive age. Gynecologists say that a large proportion of patients who come to them with gynecological problems have myomas or fibroids.

Uterine Fibroids Symptoms

These tumors may be asymptomatic. Most cases are diagnosed during an abdominal ultrasound for some other problem. However, the symptoms that can be seen are –

1. Menstrual problems: Menstrual cycle may last from 7 to 10 days without ending in 5 to 7 days. Bleeding may also occur as a wheel wheel.

2. Painful and excessive bleeding: Tumors cause more than normal bleeding. Sometimes excessive pain is felt. As a result, the amount of iron in the blood decreases and anemia occurs.

3. Infertility or Miscarriage: Fibroids in the inner part of the uterus block the fallopian tubes, causing infertility by preventing conception. Sometimes miscarriages are caused by fibroids.

4. Frequent urination or constipation: Sometimes fibroids put pressure on the bladder located in front of the uterus. This results in frequent urination. Sometimes the fibroids put pressure on the intestines behind the uterus causing constipation.

5. Pain during intercourse: Tumors in the vagina or cervix may cause discomfort or pain during intercourse.

6. Abdominal bloating or backache: Large tumors may cause abdominal bloating with discomfort. Sometimes fibroids can cause back pain.

Uterine Fibroids Causes

It is difficult to say why a fibroid uterus or fibroid or uterine tumor occurs, but the following factors are assumed to have a special role in the formation of uterine tumors.

Two main hormones, estrogen and progesterone, are secreted from the uterus, these hormones play an important role in the formation of regular periods every month and are also particularly responsible for the formation of fibroids.

Fibroids are often hereditary, meaning they are most likely to develop if someone has had them in the family.

Due to pregnancy, the level of estrogen and progesterone in the body increases, so fibroids can develop and grow during this time. What are the risks of fibroids?

Also, there are certain factors that increase the chances of developing this disease in women. Pregnant women are more likely to develop fibroids or uterine tumors. Fibroids are also more likely to develop in or after 30 years of age, and are also more likely to occur as a result of excess weight gain. If fibroids are present in someone in the family i.e. mother, grandmother or aunt then there is a risk of developing this disease again.

Uterine Fibroids Treatment

There are different treatments for uterine fibroids. Treatment is required according to the type of disease and symptoms. Many do not require treatment. Because if there are no bothersome symptoms, after menopause the hormones estrogen and progesterone decrease and the fibroids shrink, the symptoms go away. Many cases are treated with low-dose contraceptive pills or other medications.

In some cases, the problem can be solved with laparoscopic surgery. However, those with more severe problems may require a hysterectomy or removal of the uterus. However, recently transvaginal or laparoscopic hysterectomy is done without cutting the abdomen.

Infertility due to uterine fibroids should be removed first by laparoscopic or hysteroscopic procedure. Then the treatment of infertility should be started. There is nothing to be disappointed about. Ultimately, uterine fibroids are an easily curable disease. Seek the advice of a good doctor at the right time without fear. Stay well, stay safe.

How Can Fibroids be Treated?

Symptoms of fibroids are sometimes noticeable and sometimes not felt. However, if the above symptoms appear, a doctor should be consulted immediately. If the doctor notices something abnormal, he may recommend an USG and pelvic MRI.

With Medicine

As a treatment, several hormonal drugs are given, which mainly control the level of hormones like estrogen and progesterone and shrink the size of the tumor.

Anti-inflammatory pain relievers, such as ibuprofen tablets, are given to reduce pain.

Sometimes birth control pills are also used.


There is no special need for surgery in the early stages of uterine tumors, but in some cases, if the size and volume of fibroids increases, surgery is taken, which is called myomectomy in medical terms.

Abdominal myomectomy involves cutting out the fibroids or tumor from the uterus through an incision in the lower abdomen, although this is also done laparoscopically, meaning that the tumor is removed through a small incision without making a large incision in the abdomen.

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