What is Period

What is Period। Period Pain। Normal Period Symptoms। Period Cycle

Every lunar month, the changes in the uterus of girls due to the influence of hormones and blood and uterine secretions come out in the vagina is called the menstrual cycle. A woman's period prepares her for conception each month. In simpler terms, all we know is having a baby. So why is it necessary to have a period to have a baby? Because, every month, women's uterus tightens its outer layer to shelter the baby after pregnancy. But later, when the embryo is not fertilized, it sheds its hard coat and starts preparing for the next month. Due to which the internal organ of the girls is torn and it comes out with the blood. This entire process takes an average of 28 days. 


Why do Periods Occur? 

At puberty, a girl's ovaries contain about 3-4 lakh half-ready, unfertilized eggs. The hypothalamus and pituitary gland of the brain prepare for two cycles called the ovarian cycle and the uterine cycle by releasing different types of hormones every month. The job of the ovarian cycle is to release sex hormones every month as well as prepare any one egg to be fertilized. On the other hand, during the first two weeks of the uterine cycle, the uterus begins to prepare itself to receive a fertilized egg. At this time, the endometrium, the lining of the uterus, thickens and becomes blood vessels. The fertilized egg travels from the ovary to the uterus through the fallopian tubes. 

The endometrium usually waits about a week for the embryo to implant. A human baby begins to grow in the womb when a properly fertilized embryo implants. But only when the ovum is not fertilized, menses begins in girls. The unfertilized egg breaks with the endometrium, the lining of the blood vessels of the uterus, and is released along with the blood into the woman's vagina over several days. A girl usually gets her first period at the age of 11-14 A girl has to go through this menstruation experience till the age of about 40-50 years. Period duration can be up to 3-7 days 30-90 ml of blood flows from a girl's body every period Menstruation usually occurs every 28 to 30 days 


Period Dos and Don'ts: 

A girl's hormones, weight, and mental health are inextricably linked to a physiological process like menstruation. Cleanliness is most important at this time But only 20% of girls in our country use sanitary napkins during menstruation. Still the majority of girls use plain clothes during periods. It is more in rural areas This fabric can cause terrible diseases such as tumors, urine infection, and uterine cancer. Moreover, it is essential to change the pad every 4 hours during the period. As the price of the pad is beyond the reach of the common man, not everyone can use it yet. 

Symptoms such as excessive pain in the lower abdomen, irritable mood, dizziness, acidity, unpleasant taste in the mouth, nausea, discomfort etc. are seen during the period. At this time, the diet should include sea fish, dark chocolate, green tea, lemon, banana, ginger, cinnamon tea, almonds, peanuts, colorful and green vegetables, pineapple, aloe vera, carrots, iron-rich foods. 

Coffee or milk tea, cow's milk, extra heavy food and fried food in oil, processed food, cold drinks and extra sweet food, extra salty food should be avoided during menstruation. 

Cold water, soft drinks and coconut should not be consumed during menstruation. Many people experience abdominal pain during their periods so they feel comfortable lying on their backs. But if this time is extended, the heart rate fluctuates, blood circulation is disturbed and oxygen is not supplied properly, causing dizziness or headache. Heavy lifting, strenuous exercise should be avoided during this period. Must drink enough water. Hair follicles are loose during periods So using this shampoo can cause chronic headaches. 


Irregular Periods: 

If a girl's period starts before 21 days or after 35 days and if it lasts less than 3 days or more than 7 days, it is called irregular menstrual cycle. Periods can be irregular for various reasons. For example: o Sudden weight gain or loss. o Excessive stress. o Extra exercise. o Uterine tumors, endometriosis, polycystic ovarian syndrome. o Mothers who breastfeed their babies o Taking birth control pills. o Use of copper tee. o Due to fluctuations in estrogen and progesterone hormones during adolescence. Bleeding increases due to irregular menstruation. Sometimes it can be a bitter experience like infertility. Therefore, if one goes through the experience of irregular menstruation for a long time, one should definitely consult a specialist doctor. 


Normal Period Symptoms: 

Period is one event in women's life cycle which virtually brings drastic changes in a woman's life. Many mothers worry about the age at which a girl can easily report periods. Note that every girl's body structure is not the same. As a result, the age of the period is not the same. From there, let's find out what are the signs that a girl's period is about to begin.

• Note that girls do not usually start periods before puberty. However, the mother or guardian has to be aware of this. Basically, when a girl starts growing underarm hair, body grows, breast area starts growing, the period starts. • Blood flow is not very high early in the period. But sometimes it is less and a small clot is also seen. • Also the bladder starts to release a little watery substance before the period. That aspect should also be taken care of. Abdominal pain, abdominal heaviness problem also persists. • Spotting is more likely in the early period, when many people use tissue paper. From this time you have to choose whether to use cups, pads or tampons. • Care must be taken to see which underwear is beneficial during periods. It should be used as such. 


Causes of Period Pain 

Menstruation is a natural process in women. Hormonal changes occur on these special days of the month. Many people have stomach aches at that time. Even the body may ache. Apart from this, there are mood swings, fatigue, lethargy. Many take painkillers without doctor's advice to reduce pain, which is harmful to health. During periods, the uterus is under pressure. Abdominal pain due to uterine contractions. The intensity of the pain may spread to the waist and body.


Ways to Reduce Period Pain 

There are some ways, which are effective in reducing period pain. Hot water bags Hot water bags or hot water baths can be very effective in reducing period pain. This is the first step in natural pain relief. Boiling hot water on the stomach reduces the pain and gives relief. There are certain foods, which also help reduce period pain. Chamomile tea Chamomile tea can be beneficial during periods. 

This tea has 'anti-inflammatory' and 'antispasmodic' properties, which can greatly reduce menstrual pain. After drinking this tea, a substance called 'glycine' is produced in the body, which dulls the nerves. It reduces pain. Ginger tea Drinking tea to get rid of period pain reduces the pain a lot. Ginger plays a role in reducing pain, eliminating nausea. Paracetamol does not work in this case, but two or two light doses of painkillers can be given. The biggest remedy is the hot water bag.

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