What is Thyroid and What to Do

Thyroid। Thyroid Type। Thyroid Symptoms। Diagnosis of Thyroid Disease । Thyroid Treatment । Do Thyroid Problems Prevent motherhood?

The thyroid gland located at the front of the neck is the main source of thyroid hormones in the body. This hormone affects the function of every cell, tissue and organ in the body; Improves metabolic rate, heart function, digestive system, muscle and bone health. Therefore, if there is a thyroid problem, there can be various problems in the body.

Thyroid Type

There are several types of thyroid problems. Such as lack of thyroid hormones or hypothyroidism, excess secretion of hormones or hyperthyroidism. Apart from these two main problems, problems like thyroid swelling, thyroid tumor and thyroid cancer can also occur.

Thyroid Causes

Thyroid problems can occur due to various reasons. Iodine plays an important role in the production of this thyroid hormone. If iodine is low, thyroid hormones will be produced less or the thyroid will become swollen. This swelling is called a goitre. Again, congenital thyroid gland defects also cause thyroid problems. If someone has a thyroid problem, their children can also have it. Problems in the thyroid occur due to the malfunctioning of the body's immune system and the production of antibodies.

Thyroid Symptoms

The rate of hypothyroidism in reproductive-aged women is about ten times higher than in men, and complications are also higher. Abnormal weight gain, feeling tired all the time, problems like irregular menstruation or prolonged extra menstruation, memory loss, hair and skin becoming dry and rough, constipation, repeated miscarriages, infertility etc. Children also experience stunted growth, delayed puberty and problems with mental development. Hyperthyroidism, on the other hand, can cause sudden weight loss, tremors, anxiety, excessive sweating, and low menstrual bleeding. Thyroid problems cause increased muscle wasting, reduced performance. Eyes may become enlarged.

Diagnosis of Thyroid Disease

Without symptoms, doctors may order free thyroxine and TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone) blood tests. If necessary, various thyroid antibodies, throat ultrasonography, radio-iodine uptake test may also be done. If cancer is suspected, a biopsy may be needed to take tissue from the throat with a needle. It is safe for women to have a thyroid test before they have children and even if they are asymptomatic during pregnancy. 

Thyroid Treatment

Hypothyroidism medication is usually taken for life. It is necessary to adjust the dose of medicine by repeated testing. In very few cases thyroid surgery is required. If thyroid is suspected, consult a hormone specialist.

Do Thyroid Problems Prevent Motherhood?

Among the various thyroid problems, the most well-known is hypothyroidism or thyroid hormone deficiency disease. Among the thyroid-related diseases, this disease affects the most people. The prevalence of this thyroid disease is higher in women than in men. 

Thyroid hormones play an important role in the reproductive health of men and women. In some cases, hormonal changes can lead to infertility. Various complications can occur in the pregnant mother and the pregnant baby. People who have thyroid problems are worried about whether they will be able to become mothers. Of course, you can, but you want awareness for him.

In the first stage of pregnancy, the fetus does not have any thyroid hormone of its own for development and growth. For this the unborn child is dependent on the mother. A mother's hormone deficiency therefore has a negative impact on the child's neurological growth and development. 

Children may suffer from mental retardation. In many cases its deficiency can lead to miscarriage. It can also lead to premature birth, even death in the womb after 24 weeks. These babies are usually born with low birth weight. Sometimes the unborn child can suffer from congenital hypothyroidism.

Pregnant mothers can also suffer from many complications due to lack of this hormone. Gestational hypertension, diabetes, anemiathey are much more common. They have more muscle weakness and pain. It even increases the risk of heart failure. Their embryos may separate from the uterus. Bleeding may begin.

One of the main causes of hypothyroidism during pregnancy is iodine deficiency. Mothers are most at risk in areas where soil and grains are deficient in iodine. The second leading cause is autoimmune thyroid disease. For those who have some hormone deficiency before pregnancy, it can become more pronounced during pregnancy. 

It is important to know thyroid hormone levels before pregnancy, especially for mothers who live in iodine deficient areas, have a family history of thyroid disease, or have a history of this disease. Also, those over 30, who have a pre-existing goitre, who have a history of other autoimmune disorders, or the presence of thyroid antibodies should have their hormone levels checked. 

Type-1 diabetes, morbidly obese women should be sure of thyroid before pregnancy. People who are taking amiodarone, lithium medication, or for any reason who have had radiation therapy to the neck or head, or who have had previous thyroid surgery, will also know how these hormone levels are.

Low thyroid hormone levels can cause several symptoms. Such as weight gain, feeling tired for a while, constipation, feeling cold, feeling tired, dry skin etc. These symptoms are very similar to normal pregnancy symptoms. Because of this, many people do not understand that he is suffering from hypothyroidism.

Two types of hormones are mainly secreted from this thyroid gland. For example, T3 and T4, and another hormone called TSH is released from the brain to regulate these T3 and T4. TSH increases when the two hormones decrease in the blood. 

After monitoring the level of TSH in the blood, the functioning of the thyroid can be understood. Some have more pronounced hypothyroidism, while others have more subtle hypothyroidism. Both conditions require treatment during pregnancy. 

Most cases of hypothyroidism during pregnancy require an increase in drug dosage. TSH values should be kept lower than at other times by medication. During this time hormone levels fluctuate greatly due to many reasons. 

That's why hormone levels need to be checked every two months to keep the medication levels right during pregnancy. In addition, those who have thyroid antibodies in their blood, need to be monitored more carefully. Because, their pregnancy complications may be more than others.

After childbirth, mothers need to reduce their thyroid medication levels in most cases. Hormonal test should be done again within four weeks of delivery. Many times, thyroid hormone levels may increase temporarily after childbirth. Even during this time, some people may have autoimmune thyroid disease. 

Some people's hypothyroidism can even become permanent. For this reason, it is very important to monitor this hormone for at least six months after delivery, and the newborn should also be tested for thyroid hormones.

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